Sapphires derived their name from the Latin word “Sapphirus”, meaning “Blue”, and are often referred to as the “Gem of the Heavens” or the “Celestial” gem as their colors mirror the sky at different the times of day.
Legend has it that the first person to wear Sapphire was Prometheus, the rival of Zeus, who took the gemstone from Cacaus, where he also stole fire from heaven for man. The Ancient Greeks adorned themselves with Sapphires when consulting the oracles at the temple of the Greek god Apollo in Delphi. The Ancient Persians believed Sapphires were a chip from the pedestal that supported the Earth, and that its reflections gave the sky its colors.
stated without a prefix, implies Blue Sapphires only. Sapphires of all
other colors are assigned a color prefix or are collectively termed